Performa explores the role of live performance in the history of 20th-century art and encourages new directions in performance practices. The nonprofit was founded in 2004 by RoseLee Goldberg, former curator of Chelsea's experimental art space, The Kitchen. The organization presents a biennial of visual art performance in New York City, the first of which occurred in 2005, that brings more than 40 of New York’s arts and cultural institutions and 25 different curators together to present live, interdisciplinary work over the course of three weeks. The Performa Commissions program originates new performances by inviting artists to create work especially for the Performa biennial.