NYC-ARTS visits the exhibition “Hudson Rising,” on view at the New-York Historical Society through August 4, 2019.

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> NEXT, WE TAKE A TRIP TO THE NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY ON THE UPPER WEST SIDE.

FOUNDED IN 1804 AS NEW YORK'S FIRST MUSEUM, ITS MISSION IS TO EXPLORE THE MULTILAYERED HISTORY OF NEW YORK CITY AS WELL AS NEW YORK STATE AND THE NATION.

CURRENTLY ON VIEW IS HUDSON RISING, AN EXHIBITION THAT EXAMINES 200 YEARS OF ECOLOGICAL CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM.

CURATOR MARCY RIVER IS OUR GUIDE ON THIS JOURNEY ALONG ONE OF AMERICA'S MOST CELEBRATED RIVERS.

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HUDSON RISING IS AN EXHIBITION AT NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY THAT BEGINS IN THE 1820s WITH THE BEGINNING OF THE INDUSTRIAL ERA AND CONTINUES THROUGH TODAY.

WE START OFF THE EXHIBIT WITH EMPIRE.

IT'S A FIVE CANVAS SERIES PAINTED IN THE 1830s.

IT'S ONE OF THE TREASURES OF NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S COLLECTION.

COLE WAS ACTUALLY ONE OF THE FIRST AMERICAN LANDSCAPE PAINTERS.

IN EMPIRE HE DEPICTS THE RISE AND FALL OF A GREAT CIVILIZATION.

IT FALLS BECAUSE OF AVARICE.

AT THE SAME TIME THAT HE'S PAINTING THAT, HE'S ALSO LIVING IN THE HUDSON RIVER REGION AND HE'S THINKING ABOUT THE DEVASTATION OF THE REGION FROM LUMBERING AND OTHER INDUSTRIES.

THE HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL PAINTERS WERE LANDSCAPE PAINTERS, AMERICAN LANDSCAPE PAINTERS, LARGELY INSPIRED BY THOMAS COLE.

THEY'RE PAINTING FROM THE 1830s ON.

THAT'S EXACTLY THE SAME TIME THAT INDUSTRY IS REALLY GEARING UP ALONG THE HUDSON RIVER.

SO THEIR PAINTINGS ARE SOME OF THE REASONS THAT AMERICANS BEGIN TO UNDERSTAND HOW BEAUTIFUL THE HUDSON RIVER IS, BUT ALSO BEGIN TO THINK ABOUT HOW TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT AGAINST THE RAVAGES OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT.

AND ONE OF THE PLACES THIS TAKES PLACE IS THE ADIRONDACKS BECAUSE THE ADIRONDACKS IS WHERE THE HUDSON ORIGINATES.

AND THE ADIRONDACK FORESTS PROTECT THE HEALTH OF THE HUDSON RIVER.

THIS GREAT ADIRONDACK PHOTOGRAPHER, A MAN NAMED SENECA RAY STODDARD CAPTURED BOTH THE BEAUTY OF THE ADIRONDACKS, BUT ALSO HE CAPTURED WHAT THE LUMBERMEN WERE DOING AS THEY CHOPPED DOWN THE ADIRONDACK FORESTS.

THEN HE TURNED THESE PHOTOGRAPHS INTO A 200-SLIDE SHOW THAT HE COULD TAKE AROUND THE STATE AND USE IT TO ADVOCATE FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE ADIRONDACKS.

AND HE SHOWED THESE IMAGES TO THE NEW YORK STATE LEGISLATORS.

THAT LED BOTH TO THE CONSERVATION OF THE FORESTS AND THE CREATION OF A PUBLIC PARK.

ANOTHER STORY THAT THE EXIST TELLS IS ALL ABOUT THE PRESERVATION OF THE CLIFFS OF THE PALISADES.

IN THE 19th CENTURY PEOPLE NOT ONLY APPRECIATED THE PALISADES FOR THEIR BEAUTY BUTAPPRECIATED ROCK.

THE LEVEL OF THAT DEVASTATION AS WELL AS THE SOUND AND THE PHYSICAL SAFETY AS ROCKS FLEW THROUGH NEARBY WINDOWS CONVINCED A WHOLE ASSORTMENT OF PEOPLE TO BEGIN OPPOSING THE BLASTING OF THE PPALISADES.

THESE GRASSROOTS ADVOCATES GOT TOGETHER ON BOTH SIDES OF THE RIVER AND CONVINCED THEIR RESPECTIVE GOVERNORS TO PASS A BILL TO AUTHORIZE THE TAKING OF THAT LAND EITHER BY EMINENT DOMAIN OR PURCHASE.

SO AS OF 1900 THE PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK COMMISSION WAS FORMED.

AND THEN AN AMAZING PARK WAS CREATED WITHIN A DECADE.

IT WAS ALSO THE PLACE WHERE NATURAL SCIENCE STUDY BEGINS.

A WONDERFUL EFFORT CALLED THE TRADE SIDE MUSEUM WAS ESTABLISHED IN THE PALISADES.

THAT'S WHERE NATURE STUDY REALLY TAKES OFF AND THAT'S REPLICATED THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.

INDUSTRY CONTINUES TO GROW THROUGHOUT THE YEARS OF WORLD WAR II AND AFTER.

SO BY THE 1960s THE POLLUTION IS REALLY A TERRIBLE PROBLEM.

PEOPLE ARE NOT PAYING ATTENTION TO THE RIVER ANY LONGER, BECAUSE IT'S JUST SEEN AS A SEWER AND A TRASH HEAP.

IN THE 1960s AN ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT WHICH HAS BEEN PHAROAH GROWING ALL ALONG IN THE HUDSON RIVER REGION REALLY TAKES OFF.

PETE SEEGER WAS A FOLK SINGER.

HE WAS ALSO A SOCIAL ACTIVIST.

HE LIVED IN THE HUDSON RIVER REGION.

HE LIVED IN BEACON.

HE DECIDES TO BUILD A BOAT THAT LOOKS LIKE A 19th CENTURY WOODEN CARGO SLOOP.

HE NAMED HIS SLOOP THE CLEARWATER.

THEY TOOK THE CLEARWATER OUT ON THE RIVER AND THEY BROUGHT AS MANY PEOPLE AS THEY COULD OUT WITH THEM AND THEY DREW ATTENTION BACK TO THE RIVER.

THOSE KINDS OF EFFORTS HELPED TO PASS NEW LAWS TO ENSURE THAT THE WATER WOULD BE CLEANED UP AND THEY TRIED TO KEEP IT CLEAN.

TO END THE EXHIBIT WE LOOK AT HOW PEOPLE ARE THINKING AND ACTING TODAY IN THE HUDSON RIVER REGION.

AFTER SUPER STORM SANDY, THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE OF STORM RECOVERY HIRED THE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE FIRM SCAPE TO HELP WITH PROTECTING THE SOUTH SHORE OF STATEN ISLAND THAT WAS REALLY BADLY DEVASTATED DURING THE STORM.

SCAPE DEVELOPED AN IDEA CALLED LIVING BREAK WATERS.

SCAPE'S BREAK WATERS LINE THE SHORE OF STATEN ISLAND TO PROTECT THE COMMUNITIES AGAINST HIGH WAVES THAT MIGHT COME IN FUTURE STORMS.

BUT THESE BREAK WATERS ALSO OFFER NEW TERRITORY FOR HABITATS FOR LIVING QUATIC CREATURES AND THEY ENGAGE LOCAL RESIDENTS TO ENJOY RECREATION IN THESE NOW CALMER WATERS OFF THEIR SHORES.

THIS KIND OF CREATIVE THINKING AND ACTION CAN HELP US FACE ONE OF THE GREAT CHALLENGES OF OUR DAY WHICH IS OUR CHANGING CLIMATE.

THE HUDSON RISING EXHIBIT TAKES A LOOK AT HOW THE PAST CAN INFORM THE PRESENT.

SO THE HUDSON RIVER REGION WAS REALLY AN INCUBAOR FOR ENVIRONMENTAL THINKING AND ACTION OVER THE YEARS.

AND THAT'S THE STORY WE'VE TRIED TO CAPTURE.

IT'S ONE THAT WE THINK TODAY IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT TO CONCENTRATE ON.

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