Ed Burns talks about filmmaking, a look at the exhibition “Circus and the City” at the Bard Graduate Center, and the latest arts news from Christina Ha on location at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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FUNDING FOR NYC ARTS IS MAD POSSIBLE BY -- ADDITIONAL FUNDING PROVIDED BY MEMBERS OF 13.

NYC ARTS IS MADE POSSIBLE, I PART, BY FIRST REPUBLIC BANK

> FLEXIBILITY, COORDINATION, EXCELLENCE FIRST REPUBLIC BANK.

IT'S A PRIVILEGE TO SERVE YOU.

♪♪ I'm Philippe de Montebello at

> GOOD EVENING WNET STUDIOS AT LINCOLN CENTER

AND I'M PAULA ZAHN AT THE NATIONAL ACADEMY MUSEUM AN SCHOOL WELCOME TO 'NYC ARTS.'

OVER THE NEXT FEW WEEKS WE'LL BE HERE AT THIS HISTORIC LOCATION ON 5th AVENUE AND 89th STREET, JUST UP A BLOCK FROM THE GUGENHEIM AND ACROSS THE STREE FROM CENTRAL PARK.

SINCE ITS FOUNDING IN 1825, TH NATIONAL ACADEMY HAS FOLLOWED SIMPLE, YET POWERFUL MISSION, TO PROMOTE THE FINE ARTS IN AMERICA THROUGH EXHIBITION AND EDUCATION.

IT IS THE ONLY INSTITUTION O ITS KIND THAT INTEGRATES A MUSEUM, ART SCHOOL AND ASSOCIATION OF AARTISTS AN ARCHITECTS KNOWN AS TH NATIONAL I'M STANDING IN THE AMERICAN COLLECTION ON DISPLAY HERE ARE ABOUT 10 WORKS FROM THE MUSEUM' COLLECTION OF MORE THAN 7,00 WORKS OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE.

AS YOU CAN SEE, THE INSPIRATIO IS PRESENTED IN SALON STYLE, FROM FLOOR TO CEILING AR PAINTINGS BY MASTERS WHO CHARTERED THE COURSE OF AMERICAN ART FROM ITS FOUNDING THROUG THE 1970s.

NOW LET'S GO DOWNTOWN TO TRIBECCA FOR A CONVERSATION WITH FILM MAKER ED BURNS.

EDWARD BURNS IS ONE OF THE LEADING AND INNOVATIVE INDEPENDENT FILMMAKERS OF OU DAY, SINCE HE BURST ON THE SCENE WITH HIS FIRST FILM 'THE BROTHERS McMULLEN' IN 1995, HE HAS CHAMPIONED NEW WAYS TO MAK GREAT LOW-BUDGET FILMS RECENTLY RAPHAEL PIROMON SPOKE TO HIM ABOUT BURNS INNOVATIV FILMMAKING HE HAS EMBRACED SOCIAL MEDIA I WAYS THAT ARE PAVING THE WAY FOR MAJOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE ART O FILMMAKING

YOU SPENT ALL OF $9,000 SHOOTING YOUR LATEST FILM, 'NEWLYWEDS.'

WHY DOES A 17-YEAR VETERAN FILMMAKER AND STAR MAKE A MOVI FOR $9,000

THE PRIMARY REASON, REALLY, IS TO SORT OF PRODUCT TH PROCESS, YOU KNOW.

YOU CAN TELL THE STORY THAT YO WANT TO TELL WITHOUT ANY INTERFERENCE FROM ANYONE USUALLY THAT INTERFERENCE COME FROM SOMEONE WHO IS GOING TO WRITE YOU A CHECK FOR SEVERA MILLION DOLLARS.

IF I AM GOING TO WORK WITH SOMEONE ELSE'S MONEY AND A SUBSTANTIAL BUDGET, I MAY NOT BE ABLE TO CAST THE FOLKS I WANT, I MAY NEED TO CHANGE THE MUSIC CHANGE THE TITLE IF I'M GOING TO MAKE A MOVIE FOR $20,000.

A SERIES OF COMPROMISES

EXACTLY AND THOSE COMPROMISES, YOU'R NOT GOING TO WORK WITH MOVIE STARS.

YOU CAN'T AFFORD A STEADY CAM.

YOU CAN'T AFFORD 50 FEET O TRACK, LET ALONE TWO FEET OF TRACK.

HOWEVER, THE THING THAT I WILL GET IS TOTAL CREATIVE CONTROL.

SO I HAVE BEEN LOOKING AT THOS TWO LISTS OF COMPROMISES AND THESE LAST TWO FILMS I HAV DECIDED I PREFER TO WORK WIT THESE.

NOW HOW DOES A BUDGET O $9,000 OR A LOW BUDGET LIK THAT, HOW DOES THAT SHAPE TH FILM FIRST OF ALL, HOW DOES IT SHAP THE SCRIPT, ET CETERA?

WITH 'NEWLYWEDS' AFTER PLOTTED OUT WHAT WAS GOING T HAPPEN TO THE CHARACTERS, WHEN THEY LIVED, WHEN THEY WORKED I HAVE A FRIEND WHO OWNS A GYM BUZZY, HE WILL BE A TRAINER.

A FEW FRIENDS WHO OWN A BUVENL THE IDEA WAS THROW THE ACTOR INTO A LIVE ENVIRONMENT.

WE'RE GOING TO PRETEND WE'RE MAKING THIS DOCK THROW THEM IN WITH REAL FOLKS.

SOMETIMES WE HAD SORT OF FUNNY MOMENTS WHERE SOMEONE ON THE STREET MIGHT INTERACT WITH ONE OF THE ACTORS.

THAT STAYED IN THE FILM.

WE HAD ANOTHER MOMENT WITH CAITLYN FITZGERALD A GUY THAT HAD A COUPLE OF DRINKS IN THE RESTAURANT AND KEPT INTERRUPTING HER, TRYING TO GET A DRINK AND SAID, LOOK, DON'T ACTUALLY WORK HERE WE'RE SHOOTING THIS FILM THE GREAT THING ABOUT THE SIZE OF THIS CAMERA AND THE FACT THAT IT'S A THREE-MAN CREW, EVEN IF SOMEONE WAS SITTING TWO TABLES OVER, THEY HAD NO CLUE AS TO WHAT WE WERE DOING AND THE ACTORS ALL TALKED ABOU HOW THAT -- IT FREED THEM UP FOR MAYBE A DIFFERENT STYLE OF ACTING WHEN I CALLED CUT, AN ARMY O FOLKS DID NOT COME IN TO FIX THEIR HAIR, WARDROBE, MESS WIT THE PROPS.

YOU JUST STAYED IN CHARACTER THE WHOLE TIME

WE DIDN'T GET MARRIED AND WHO KNOWS, WE WOULD HAVE GOTTEN TO KNOW EACH OTHER, STARTED A CAREER MAYBE

RIGHT, AND THEN YOU NEVER WOULD HAVE MARRIED ME.

I HEAR YOU I HEAR WHAT YOU'RE SAYING.

LOOK, YOU'VE BEEN MARRIED FOR 18 YEARS YOU'VE GOT THAT TERRIFIC KID HE IS AT A GREAT SCHOOL.

YEAH.

I WOULD SAY LIKE I DON'T KNOW IF -- IF IT ENDED TODAY YO COULD PROBABLY CALL IT A SUCCESS, RIGHT

2007, YOU WERE THE FIRS FILMMAKER TO OPEN YOUR FILM, 'PURPLE VIOLETS' ON iTUNES SINCE THEN THE MOVIES YOU'VE MADE, 'NICE GUY JOHNNY' AN 'NEWLYWEDS' YOU ARE ESSENTIALL BYPASSING THEATRICAL RELEASE AND OPENING THEM DIRECTLY ON THE INTERNET AND ON VIDEO ON DEMAND.

WHY?

A COUPLE OF REASONS WHEN WE WERE TRYING TO SEL 'PURPLE VIOLETS' WE GOT DISTRIBUTION OFFER THAT SADL HAD BECOME A LITTLE BIT MORE O THE NORM WHERE THEY OFFER YOU NO ADVANCE PARTNERSHIP BASICALLY THEY'RE GOING TO GIV YOU NO MONEY AND THEY'RE GOING TO TAKE 50% OF THE FILM AND IN SUCCESS, SUPPOSEDLY, YOU WIL SEE HALF OF THE PROFITS.

HOLLYWOOD BOOKKEEPING BEING WHAT IT IS, YOU NEVER SEE ANY OF THAT MONEY.

THE OTHER THING THAT HAD HAPPENED WAS AROUND '06, YOU STARTED TO SEE THAT THE THEATE THEATERIC AL BUSINESS FO SPECIALIZED OR INDEPENDENT FIL HAD STARTED TO DECLINE PRETT DRAMATICALLY THE AUDIENCE IS AT HOME AND NO GOING TO THE THEATER SO WHY DON'T WE GAMBLE HERE AN SEE IF WE RELEASE THIS FIL EXCLUSIVELY ON iTUNES, MAYBE W CAN ACTUALLY MAKE MORE MONEY THAN WE WOULD IF WE WERE TO SELL IT WITH THIS NO ADVANC PARTNERSHIP.

SO THE DIFFERENCE WAS OU OPENING WEEKEND, WE COULD PLAY TO THE OUR HOUSE CROWD IN NE YORK AND L.A. OR BE PUMPED INT 45 MILLION HOMES I'M TELLING YOU, THE SUCCESS O 'NEWLYWEDS' AND THE NUMBERS WE DID IN OUR FIRST TWO WEEKS IS MY GREATEST SUCCESS SINCE 'TH BROTHERS McMULLEN.

IF YOU WANT TO LOOK AT IT JUST IN TERMS OF HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE ALREADY SEEN THE FILM.

BUT, ED, YOU'RE A WELL-KNOW FILMMAKER.

YOU HAVE A PROVEN TRACK RECORD A BEGINNER FILMMAKER, THEY DON'T HAVE THAT ADVANTAGE.

DOES THIS MODEL WORK FOR THEM?

I GO TO FILM SCHOOLS AND TALK TO KIDS A LOT.

THEY'LL SAY I DON'T KNOW THAT CAN GET MY FILM ON TO iTUNES O ON TO POD.

I DIDN'T MAKE IT TO HAVE A THEATRICAL RELEASE AND IT WA MUCH HARDER BACK THEN TO MAK YOUR FIRST FILM, YOU KNOW.

SHOOTING ON FILM AND TRYING TO BUY RECANNED FILM STOCK.

YOU GUYS HAVE ACCESS TO CAMERA THAT COST UNDER $3,000 GO MAKE YOUR MOVIES.

IT'S UP TO YOU TO FIGHT THE GOOD FIGHT, MARKET THE HELL OUT O IT, USE FACEBOOK, TWITTER, E-MAIL BLASTS AND DO ALL THE THINGS THAT HAVE BEEN DONE FOR TEN YEARS.

DO YOU THINK A 'BROTHER McMULLEN,' WHICH WON THE BIG PRIZE IN SUNDANCE AND WENT ON TO MAKE MILLIONS, COULD THAT HAPPEN IN THIS FILM ENVIRONMENT

ABSOLUTELY.

ABSOLUTELY THESE FILMMAKERS CAN STILL SUBMIT THEIR FILMS TO ALL OF THE GREAT FESTIVALS, TRIBECCA, TELURIDE, SUNDANCE HOLLYWOOD STILL SHOWS UP A THESE FESTIVALS, HOPING TO FIN THAT NEXT BIG THING.

OUR RELATIONSHIP HAS RUN IT COURSE I THINK WE'RE BETTER OFF GOING OUT AND FINDING NEW PEOPLE, NE EXPERIENCES, IDEAS

HEY, HEY, I DON'T NEED AN NEW IDEAS, ALL RIGHT I'M CONFUSED ENOUGH ALREADY.

AS YOU KNOW, YOUR FILMS ARE VERY OFTEN COMPARED TO WOODY ALLEN FILMS.

WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THA COMPARISON

I MEAN, COMPLETELY FLATTERE BY IT.

YOU KNOW, WHEN McMULLEN CAME OUT, THEY SAID LONG ISLAND WOODY ALLEN, WHICH MY MOM GOT SUCH A THRILL OUT OF -- AND I DID A WELL -- BECAUSE WOODY ALLEN IS THE REASON I MAKE MOVIES

REALLY?

YOU KNOW.

WHEN I GOT OUT OF SCHOOL, TH FIRST SCREEN PLAYS I STARTED T WRITE WAS -- TARANTINO HAD COM OUT WITH RESERVOIR DOGS.

I WAS BLOWN AWAY BY THAT I PROBABLY WROTE THREE RIP OFF OF RESERVOIR DOGS.

LIKE EVERY FILMMAKER.

SENT THEM OUT TO HOLLYWOOD THEY WERE REJECTED CLEARLY IT WASN'T WHAT I SHOUL BE WRITING I'M GOING TO SIT DOWN AND SORT OF WRITE MY VERSION OF A WOODY ALLEN FILM, A SMALL, TALKY CHARACTER COMEDY AND I STARTED WITH 'BROTHERS McMULLEN.'

MOVING FORWARD, YOU KNOW 'SIDEWALKS OF NEW YORK.'

ABSOLUTELY, THAT IS AN HOMAG RIP-OFF OF 'HUSBANDS AND WIVES.'

ARE YOU A MODEL

IF I WERE A MODEL WHY WOULD I BE SITTING HERE, STUDYING RIGH NOW?

THAT'S VERY FUNNY WELL, YOU SHOULD BE, IF YOU'RE NOT, BECAUSE YOU'RE VERY BEAUTIFUL.

YOU HAVE A VERY DIFFERENT LOOK YOU'RE NOT A CLASSIC BEAUTY.

I THINK YOU HAVE THE LOOK OF THE NEW MILLENNIUM

THE LOOK OF THE NEW MILLENNIUM

YEAH.

I'M GRIFFIN, BY THE WAY.

ASHLEY.

NICE TO MEET YOU, ASHLEY.

BEAUTIFUL NAME SO WHAT DO YOU SAY WILL YOU LET ME TAKE YOU OUT SOME TIME OR -

ARE YOU MARRIED

MARRIED WHY DO YOU SAY THAT?

WHERE DO YOU GET THAT FROM, THAT I'M MARRIED?

BECAUSE YOU HAVE A RING O YOUR FINGER.

ISN'T THAT A RING?

YEAH, YEAH.

TECHNICALLY, I'M MARRIED, YEAH BUT I'M NOT REALLY MARRIED

HOW IMPORTANT IS THE NEW YORK CITY BACKGROUND TO YOUR FILMS?

VERY IMPORTANT.

NEW YORK CITY IS THE GREATES CO-STAR ANY ACTOR CAN HAVE FOR ME, IT PROBABLY STEM FROM -- I'M A KID WHO GROWS UP IN VALLEY STREAM, LONG ISLAND.

AND, YOU KNOW, MY PARENTS -- YOU KNOW, IT WAS ALWAYS WITHOU LOOKING WEST YOU NEED TO GET OVER THE RIVER AND INTO THE BIG CITY WHERE, YOU KNOW -- THAT'S WHERE YOU'R GOING TO MAKE YOUR DREAMS COME TRUE AND THEN THAT I CHOSE TO GO INTO WRITING AND FILMMAKING AND THI IS THE INDY FILM CAPITAL OF TH WORLD, THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE MY CREATIVE DREAMS COME TRUE A WELL THE OTHER REASON IS THAT THE CITY IS CONSTANTLY INSPIRING ME.

I STILL TAKE THE TRAIN ALL THE TIME AND I JUST SIT THERE AND I WATCH FOLKS WHO LISTEN TO FOLKS AN TOLD SOMEONE A STORY RECENTLY, LIKE LISTENING IN ON GREAT CONVERSATION TWO PEOPLE NEXT T ME YOU PULL OUT YOUR iPHONE AND I'M JUST BASICALLY TAKING IT DOWN.

MANUSCRIPT?

ABSOLUTELY.

CONGRATULATIONS O 'NEWLYWEDS.'

GREAT FILM

THANK YOU APPRECIATE THAT.

CONGRATULATIONS O EVERYTHING

> WITH HIS LATEST FILM, TH FITZGERALD FAMILY CHRISTMAS, E BURNS RETURNS TO THE WORKING CLASS IRISH-AMERICAN ROOTS O SOME OF HIS EARLIER FILMS, USING SOME FAMILIAR CAST MEMBERS, HE WEAVES AN ENSEMBLE STORY OF AN ADULT SIBLING TRYING TO RESOLV PAST CONFLICTS AND REUNITE THEIR FAMILY IT IS CURRENTLY AVAILABLE ON CABLE AND VIDEO ON DEMAND.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON ARTS AND CULTURAL EVENTS IN OUR AREA, HERE IS CHRISTINA HOUGH WITH THE NYC ARTS NEWS.

GOOD EVENING.

I'M CHRISTINA HOUGH WITH TONIGHT'S 'NYC ARTS' NEWS.

WHAT IS LIKELY TO BE THE BLOCKBUSTER EXHIBITION OF TH WINTER, MATISSE, IN SEARCH O TRUE PAINTING.

THE EXHIBITION BRINGS TOGETHER 49 OF THE FRENCH MASTERS CANVASES THEY SHOW HOW THE ARTIST REPEATED COMPOSITIONS IN ORDER TO COMPARE AFFECTS, GAUGE HI PROGRESS AND, AS HE PUT IT, PUSH FURTHER AND DEEPER INTO TRUE PAINTING THE FEMALE FIGURE POSED PARTICULAR CHALLENGE AND FASCINATION FOR THE PAINTER.

MATISSE PAINTED THE CENTRA MODEL LAURETTE OVER SIX OR SEVEN MONTHS ALWAYS IN THE SAME GROW ROBE BUT ALWAYS PLAYING WITH THE POSITION AND FRAMING OF HI SUBJECT.

WITH THE LARGE BLUE DRESS, MATISSE BEGAN FROM LIFE WITH HIS MODEL AND ASSISTANT, INSPIRED BY A LARGE BLUE SKIRT HE THEN HAD A PHOTOGRAPHER DOCUMENT HIS PROGRESS ON A SINGLE CANVAS, CAPTURING THE MULTIPLE STAGES HIS CANVAS WEN THROUGH.

THE FIRST PHOTOS WERE LARGEL FOR PRIVATE PURPOSES BUT IN 1945, MATISSE TOOK TH BOLD STEP OF EXHIBITING SI RECENT PAINTINGS JUXTAPOSED WITH NEAR SCALE BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOS, DISPELLING THE NOTION HE WORKED SPONTANEOUSLY THE LAST GALLERY FOCUSES O MATISSE'S FINAL SERIES, GROUP OF INTERIORS OF COLORS CREATED FROM 1944 TO 1948 THEY ARE DISPLAYED ALONGSIDE A BOOK, CREATED BY MATISSE, WH LABORED TO REPRODUCE IN PRIN THE SPECTACULAR COLORS OF TH PAINTINGS.

WHAT DO YOU GET WHEN YOU COMBINE CLASSICAL AND POPULAR MUSIC?

AMERICAN AND INTERNATIONAL MUSICIANS, OPERA WITH CABERE AND ROCK THESE ARE SOME OF THE SOUNDS YOU'LL FIND AT THE ECSTATI MUSIC FESTIVAL IT BRINGS TOGETHER MUSICIANS FROM CLASSICAL, ROCK AND POP BACKGROUNDS IN A PROCESS THA REVEALS NEW AND UNEXPECTED COMBINATIONS THIS YEAR'S FESTIVAL INCLUDE TEN CONCERTS, STARTING THING OFF WITH THE BROOKLYN YOUT CHORUS, PERFORMING SONGS COMPOSED BY SHARON WARREN.

OTHER NOTABLE PAIRINGS INCLUDE SIMONA FARENSTEIN AND THE ROCK BAND DEER HOOPS WITH THE ENSEMBLE, PERFORMING A NEW WOR BY COMPOSER MARCO FALTER BROWN, ONE OF THE CHOREOGRAPHERS OF THE POST MODERN ERA BRINGS.

PRESENTING THE NEW YOR PREMIERES OF I'M GOING TO TOSS MY ARMS.

IF YOU CATCH THEM, THEY'RE YOURS AND THE PROGRAM WILL RECOGNIZE THE BREADTH AND SCOPE WITH PERFORMANCES OF SOME OF HE EARLIER WORK IT WILL ALSO MARK TH ANNIVERSARY OF SET AND RESET, BE WITH A ONE-NIGHT ONL PERFORMANCE OF THE SEMINOL WORKS WITH MUSIC BY LORI ANDERSON AND VISUAL PRESENTATION BY ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG IN THE WAKE OF WORLD WAR II, JAPANESE SOCIETY ENTERED A PROFOUND PERIOD OF INTROSPECTION AND THEN INNOVATION OF THE ARTS.

NOWHERE WAS THIS MORE EVIDEN THAN IN TOKYO.

A WAR-TORN NATION TO A INTERNATIONAL CENTER OF ARTS AND COMMERCE OVER A 15-YEAR PERIOD TOKYO 1955 TO 197 0, A NEW AVANT GARDE AT THE MUSEUM OF MODER ART, THE FIRST EXHIBIT TO FOCU ON THE CITY DURING THI REMARKABLE PERIOD, PRESENTIN OVER 200 WORKS IN A WIDE VARIETY OF MEDIUMS THE POST-WAR PERIOD WAS MARKED BY A DIVERSE RANGE OF FIGURA AND ABSTRACT WORK.

SOME RESPONDING TO THE DEVASTATION OF THE WAR AND THE ATOMIC BOMB IN TRADITIONAL ART FORMS LIKE PAINTING.

THE LATE 1950s AND 1960s BROUGHT A NEW SENSE OF FREEDOM WIT VARIOUS ART COLLECTIVES LIKE THE HIGH RED CENTER TAKING TO TH STREETS.

THEY PUSHED THE BOUNDARIES O WHAT CONSTITUTES ART I PERFORMANCE, PHOTOGRAPHY AND THE GRAPHIC ARTS IN NEW HAVEN, THE YALE UNIVERSITY ART GALLERY RECENTL CELEBRATED THE GRAND OPENING O ITS RENOVATED AND EXPANDED MUSEUM THE RENOVATION HAS ALLOWED YAL TO COMBINE THREE GENERATIONS O ITS ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY.

IT LINKS THE 1866 STREET HALL, THE OLD YALE ART GALLERY AND THE MODERNIST STRUCTURE DESIGNED B LEWIS KHAN THE NEW GALLERIES RETAIN KEY ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS WHILE THE EXPANSION ALLOWS VISITORS TO FULLY EXPERIENCE THE DEPTH AND SWEEP OF THE GALLERY'S HOLDINGS.

THESE RANGE FROM ANCIENT SCULPTURE AND EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN PAINTINGS T ENDO-PACIFIC AND CONTEMPORAR ART.

THAT'S THE LATEST FOR NYC AR NEWS THIS WEEK FROM THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM O ART, I'M CHRISTINA HOUGH

> OUR CURATOR'S CHOICE, A LOOK AT A SINGLE WORK OF ART OR ONE EXHIBITION CHOSEN FROM MUSEUMS AND GALLERIES CHOSEN FROM THIS AREA PLEASE ENJOY OUR SELECTION FRO THIS WEEK.

I'M CURATOR OF CIRCUS IN TH CITY NEW YORK, 1793 TO 2010.

THE EXHIBITION INCLUDES SOME 220 OBJECTS AND IMAGES SPREAD OVER THREE FLOORS, INCLUDING POSTERS, WOODEN CARVINGS, MEMORABILIA AND PHOTOGRAPHS.

IT TRACES THE LONG HISTORY O THE CIRCUS IN NEW YORK CITY, FROM ITS EARLY YEARS TO TH GLORY YEARS OF MADISON SQUAR GARDEN TO THE BIG APPLE CIRCUS OF TODAY EXHIBITION SECTION THAT IS DEVOTED TO PERHAPS THE MOS FAMOUS CIRCUS PERFORMER, JUMBO LARGE AFRICAN ELEPHANT P.T. BARNUM PURCHASED HIM IN 1882 HERE WE HAVE A FEW ARTIFACTS CONNECTED TO HIS TIME IN THE UNITED STATES.

MOST NOTABLY, THIS WONDERFUL CHROMOLITHOGRAPH POSTER IN DOWNTOWN MANHATTAN, JUMBO WA PART OF THE TRANSITION TOWAR MARKETING TOWARD CHILDREN.

TRAINING HIM AS A CHILDREN'S PET WAS A MOVE TO TRY TO GET AS MANY PEOPLE AS POSSIBLE INTO TH TENT, INCLUDING SMALL CHILDREN WHO, FOR THE MOST PART, WEREN' A MAJOR PART OF THE AUDIENCE I EARLY NEW YORK CIRCUSES.

CONTRARY TO THE POSTER, HE WAS KNOWN AS A VERY TEMPERAMENTA ELEPHANT AND WAS ALWAY ACCOMPANIED BY HIS TRAINER JUMBO MANIA TOOK A LOT O DIFFERENT FORMS.

BASICALLY BUSINESSES USED HI FOR ADVERTISING.

YOU SEE HIM IN TRADE CARS, I CANDY DISHES, ANY KIND OF FORM OR PRODUCT THAT COULD BE BRANDED WITH HIS IMAGE WAS ONE OF THE MOST INTERESTIN OBJECTS WE HAVE IS A PIECE O JUMBO'S TUSK AFTER HE WAS KILLED IN A TRAIN ACCIDENT IN 1885, P.T. BARNUM HAD HIS CARCAS STUFFED AND THE SKELETON WAS REARTICULATED, TO INTRODUC JUMBO TO THE WORLD THEY HANDED OUT SLICES OF HIS TUSK THAT WERE SAWED OFF AND INSCRIBED WITH HIS LIFE STORY THEY TOOK HIM OUT ON TOUR IN THE 1886 SEASON, ADVERTISING HIM A MORE EXCITING DEAD THAN ALIVE.

THIS HOOKED RUG IS A MEMORIAL TO JUMBO, AS HE IS WREATHED B FLOWERS.

ONE OF THE MAJOR FEATURES OF LATE 19th CENTURY CIRCUSES, WOODEN CARVED FIGURE FROM PARADE WAGON CALLED THE AFRICA WAGON.

IT WAS CARVED AT THE SHOP OF SAMUEL A. ROBB IT DEPICTED THE CONTINENT OF AFRICA IN ADDITION TO THE CARVING, WE HAVE THE BLUEPRINTS OF THE WAGON FROM THE NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY AND A MODEL OF THE FINISHED WAGON FROM TH SHELBOURNE MUSEUM.

CIRCUS PARADES WERE HELD THE DAY BEFORE A SHOW.

IT WAS A FREE ADVERTISEMENT FO THE EVENING'S PERFORMANCE.

THE PARADE WOULD GO BY WITH TH COSTUME RIDERS, ELEPHANTS AN PARADE FLOATS.

THE GLORY YEARS OF THE CIRCU PARADE WERE THE LATE 19t CENTURY WHEN YOU HAD THE LARGEST SHOWS AND MOST ELABORATE WAGON AS MOTOR TRAFFIC BEGAN TO IMPEDE AND CITY TRAFFIC GOT HEAVIER THE STREET PARADES WER LY FAZED OUT

> CHARLES S. STRATON, A DWAR FROM CONNECTICUT, DISCOVERED B BARNUM IN 1842, ABOUT TWO FEET TALL AND WEIGHED LESS THAN 2 POUNDS HE WENT ON TO BECOME ONE OF TH MOST FAMOUS AMERICAN PERFORMER OF THE MID 19th CENTURY.

GENERAL TOM TOM WAS A FEATUR ATTRACTION AT THE MUSEUM INCLUDING WAX PAINTINGS, ARTIFACTS AND OTHER LIVE PERFORMERS AND ANIMALS ASIDE FROM HIS OBVIOUS ATTRACTION, WHICH WAS HIS TINY SIZE, HE WAS AN EXCELLEN PERFORMER, FAMOUSLY WITTY AND HE APPEARED ON STAGE IN A VARIETY OF CHARACTERS.

HE DID IMPERSONATIONS, SAILOR, MOST FAMOUS IMPRESSION WAS NAP NAPOLEAN WE HAVE A COUPLE DIFFERENT ARTIFACTS FROM CHARLES S STRATTON COURT SUIT, VIOLIN AND BOW SEVERAL PRINTS, ONE THAT DEPICTS HIS WEDDING IN 1863 TO LIVINIA WARREN THEY WERE MARRIED AT GRACE CHAPEL FOR THE TIME THE COVERAGE OF THE WEDDING WAS SUCH THAT IT OVERSHADOWED EVEN THE ONGOIN CIVIL WAR.

FROM THE NATIONAL GALLER DEPICTS GENERAL TOM THUMB WITH HIS BIGGEST PROMOTER, P.T.

BARNUM MY NAME IS MATTHEW WHITMAN I'M THE CURATOR OF THE CIRCUS IN THE CITY EXHIBITION.

I HOPE YOU HAVE A CHANCE T VISIT SOON

> HELLO, I'M RAPHAEL PIROMON WELCOME TO LINCOLN CENTER.

WITH THE BEST IN MUSIC, DANCE, OPERA, DRAMA AND FILM FROM AROUND THE WORLD, IT IS TRUL THE INTERNATIONAL CROSSROADS O ARTS AND CULTURE LINCOLN CENTER THIS WEEK, BIRT OF THE COOL FESTIVAL, PART O JAZZ AND LINCOLN CENTER'S 25th ANNIVERSARY SEASON, HIGHLIGHTS THE LEGENDS OF JAZZ, QUARTET THE MUSIC OF JERRY MULLIGAN AN JOHN LEWIS AND THE JAZZ AT LINCOLN CENTER ORCHESTRA WIT WINTON MARSAILLES.

THE BIRTH OF THE COOL FESTIVAL CONTINUES THROUGH JANUARY 20th AT VARIOUS VENUES.

FOR A FULL SCHEDULE OF EVENT PLEASE VISIT JALC.ORG.

FOR EVEN MORE INFORMATION ABOU EVENTS AT LINCOLN CENTER, VISI THEIR WEBSITE AT LINCOLN CENTER.ORG

> FROM THE WNET STUDIOS AT LINCOLN CENTER

I'M PAULA ZAHN AT THE NATIONAL ACADEMY MUSEUM AN SCHOOL THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOININ GOOD NIGHT